The move came as the Diamondbacks placed catcher Tuffy Gosewisch on the 15-day disabled list with an ACL injury.
To make room for Saltalamacchia on the 40-man roster, Arizona transferred catcher Oscar Hernandez to the 60-day disabled list.
The Diamondbacks signed Saltalamacchia to a minor league contract after he was released by the Miami Marlins on May 9.
Gosewisch, the team's everyday catcher this season, was injured trying to beat out a throw to first base on a ground ball Wednesday night in St. Louis.
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