KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — Malaysia on Thursday cut its 2016 growth forecast and slashed spending plans as the economy reels from the slump in oil prices, dealing a new setback to embattled Prime Minister Najib Razak.
In a speech, Najib said the government had based the 2016 budget on oil prices averaging $48 a barrel, but that estimate has been lowered to $30-$35 a barrel.
State oil company Petronas contributes about a third of all revenue collected by the Malaysian government, which loses around 300 million ringgit ($70 million) for every $1 drop in oil prices.
Najib said economic growth will be between 4 and 4.5 percent this year, down from an earlier estimate of 4 to 5 percent.
The economy has also been hit by a sharp fall in the Malaysian ringgit, which tumbled nearly 20 percent last year partly due to a financial scandal involving hundreds of millions of dollars channeled into Najib's personal accounts.
The attorney-general on Tuesday said Najib had not committed any criminal wrongdoing. It said most of the money was a personal donation from the Saudi royal family, a claim met with widespread skepticism. Malaysia's anti-corruption agency was appealing the attorney general's decision to clear Najib to a review panel.
Najib said the ringgit, currently at around 4.25 to the dollar, doesn't reflect its true value and is expected to strengthen once the global economy stabilizes.
Brent crude, a benchmark for international oil prices, was trading at about $34 a barrel on Thursday, down from $49 a year ago and $107 two years ago.
Finance Ministry officials said the budget revision will include cutting 5 billion ringgit ($1.2 billion) from development expenditure and 4 billion ringgit ($952 million) from operating expenses.
Najib said worker contributions to a national provident fund will be slashed by three percent from March until December 2017, a move that is expected to boost household spending by eight billion ringgit ($1.9 billion).
Some two million tax payers will also be given special tax relief. He said the government will lose 350 million ringgit ($83 million) but it will give the taxpayers total savings of 475 million ringgit ($113 million).
Najib said the government also plans to change the status of illegal immigrants, allowing them to work to meet labor shortages in various industries. He didn't give further details.
Measures planned to reduce the cost of living include setting up outlets offering cheaper local agricultural produce, building cheaper homes for first-time owners and skill training for retrenched workers.
To boost tourism, visitors from China can enter the country visa-free for 15 days.