President Barack Obama announced Tuesday that the U.S. will slow its military withdrawal from Afghanistan, maintaining 9,800 troops in the country through the end of 2015 instead of cutting the number by about half as originally planned. (March 24)
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has arrived at the White House, where President Barack Obama has him in the Oval Office to discuss the future relationship between the two countries. (March 23)
Visiting Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. (March 24)
WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama agreed Tuesday to slow the U.S. military pullout from Afghanistan at the request of its new government but insisted the delay won't jeopardize his commitment to end America's longest war before leaving office.
In a shift from his previous plan, Obama said the U.S. would leave its 9,800 troops currently in Afghanistan in place rather than downsizing to 5,500 by year's end. The size of the U.S. footprint for next year is still to be decided, he said, but he brushed aside any speculation the withdrawal will bleed into 2017 when the next president takes over.
"The date for us to have completed our drawdown will not change," Obama declared.
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's inaugural visit to the White House offered a stark contrast to visits by his predecessor, Hamid Karzai, who was viewed by U.S. officials as prickly and unreliable. Ghani went out of his way to thank the U.S. for its sacrifices in his country, offering a window into the efforts by Obama and him to rehabilitate the U.S.-Afghan relationship.
"This visit is an opportunity to begin a new chapter between our two nations," Obama said during a joint news conference in the East Room.
As for the delayed drawdown of U.S. troops, Obama said he and his military leaders believe "that providing this additional time frame during this fighting season for us to be able to help the Afghan security forces succeed is well worth it."
He acknowledged the change of plans will prevent some U.S. troops from coming home when they expected, but he suggested the danger will be minimized because they won't be in combat. The U.S. combat role in Afghanistan officially ended late last year, a down payment on Obama's re-election pledge to wind down the war the U.S. launched in the days after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
The policy shift followed weeks of White House deliberations about whether to fulfill Ghani's requests to keep more troops in Afghanistan longer — particularly as the tough spring fighting season approaches. Afghan security forces are still struggling to gain the strength needed to protect the volatile country and to fend off Islamic State fighters whose attempts to recruit in Afghanistan have been cause for regional concern.
"Afghanistan remains a very dangerous place," Obama said, noting that insurgents still launch attacks and plot suicide bombings to target civilians. Yet he declared his confidence in Ghani, who he said had "taken on the mantle of commander in chief in a way that we have not seen in the past from an Afghan president."
Obama's foreign policy critics, including some hawkish Republicans, have long urged him to leave more forces in the country and have accused him of setting artificial, politically driven deadlines for withdrawal. House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio said he was reviewing Obama's proposal and hoped it would "meet the requests of our Afghan partners, our commanders on the ground and bipartisan members of Congress."
For Obama, Ghani represents a last, best hope to make good on a key component of his foreign policy legacy: his promise to end the war before leaving office, keeping a thousand or so troops at the embassy to coordinate security.
Ghani, who lived in the U.S. for more than a decade, has been a welcome change for the U.S. administration. Frustration with his predecessor reached a boiling point when Karzai refused to sign the security agreements needed for the U.S. to leave troops in his country. Ghani signed them within days of taking office and has sought to differentiate himself by showing deep appreciation for U.S. investment in his military — more than $60 billion so far.
After hotly contested election results, Ghani and chief rival Abdullah Abdullah agreed to share power, with Abdullah assuming the new role of chief executive. The two traveled together to Washington in a display of unity. Yet political tensions have prevented the leaders from putting together a full cabinet, half a year into their term.
Ghani is clearly aware that many Americans are exhausted by 14 years of war and are questioning whether it's worth the continued investment. He spent the morning laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns. And in his appearance with Obama, he ticked through statistics that put the U.S. sacrifice in vivid terms: more than 2,200 troops killed, and 22,000 others wounded.
"You stood shoulder to shoulder with us, and I'd like to say thank you," Ghani said. He added, with a wry smile, "I would also like to thank the American taxpayer for his and her hard-earned dollars that has enabled us."
Associated Press writers Nedra Pickler, Jim Kuhnhenn and Darlene Superville contributed to this report.
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