In 1421, a Scottish regiment aiding the French against the English at the Seige of Bauge was introduced to the game of chole. Hugh Kennedy, Robert Stewart and John Smale, three of the identified players, are credited with introducing chole to Scotland in the form of golf.
The game quickly caught on. So much so that in 1457 golf was prohibited on Sundays because it interfered with military training for the wars against the English.
Later that year, golf, along with football, was banned by the Scots’ Parliament of James II to preserve the skills of archery. It seems the Scottish leadership was afraid that golf had become a diversion that threatened national security.