Scholars suggest that, in order to determine whether a society is more equal than another, it is essential to determine whether people from different family backgrounds have the same opportunity to achieve success.
The United States has been described as the land of opportunity, the most advanced democracy in the world. These two popular slogans signify that we should have low social stratification and high social mobility. Sky is the limit for everyone.
Social stratification consists of hierarchical relationships among different groups, as though they were arranged in levels. Stratified groups may be unequal on variety of measures including material resources, power and education. Simply put, in a highly stratified society, a person’s standing position in society is based on qualities that the person gained through birth.