BRUSSELS — Several European Union countries said Friday they may follow Britain in expelling Russian diplomats, as EU Council chief Donald Tusk predicted member states would introduce more measures against Moscow for the poisoning of an ex-spy in England.
At a summit in Brussels, the 28 EU leaders agreed with Britain that it is “highly likely” Russia is responsible for the March 4 attack on Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia. They remain unconscious in critical condition after being exposed to a military-grade nerve agent.
The EU has recalled its ambassador from Moscow for consultations over an incident it called “a grave challenge to our shared security.”
French President Emmanuel Macron said the nerve-agent attack was an attack on Europe’s sovereignty that required a “coordinated and determined response.”
Tusk called the bloc’s response “unprecedented,” and said “more steps are expected at a national level” starting Monday.
“I am especially pleased that despite tough Brexit negotiations, the EU has demonstrated unanimous and unequivocal unity with the UK in the face of this attack,” Tusk said at a Brussels news conference.
He said it was too soon to say whether the bloc as a whole would take more action.
The strong solidarity from the EU — which Britain is due to leave next year — is a victory for British Prime Minister Theresa May’s efforts to muster international condemnation of a chemical weapons attack on British soil.
Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel both said the evidence presented by May at the EU summit was persuasive — comments echoed by Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite
Britain and Russia have expelled 23 of each other’s diplomats since the attack, which has sparked an east-west diplomatic crisis reminiscent of the Cold War. Britain says the expelled Russians, who left London earlier this week, were undeclared intelligence agents.
Several minibuses left the British embassy in Moscow on Friday, reportedly carrying the expelled U.K. diplomats.
Rather than pressing the EU for new economic sanctions on Moscow, May is seeking to erode Russia’s extensive spy network by removing intelligence agents operating under diplomatic cover.
Latvian Foreign Minister Edgars Rinkevics said the Baltic nation might follow Britain’s lead and expel Russian diplomats who are judged to be spies next week, in coordination with other EU countries.
Neighboring Lithuania has said it also is considering expulsions. Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis said it was “probable” that his country would also kick out Russian diplomats, noting that discussions were still ongoing.
Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said Ireland would conduct a security assessment of Russian diplomats with a view to possibly expelling those who are not legitimate.
Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen said his country would also consider “whether we should take unilateral steps.”
The leaders of France and Germany declined to say whether they also planned expulsions, but said more action was needed against Russia. Merkel, appearing alongside Macron at a news conference, said the two nations would consult with others and give more details “when the coordination is complete.”
Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Artyom Kozhin said Friday that Russia had not been approached by other countries about potential expulsions.
The EU leaders’ statements came after a summit dinner where May shared information about why Britain is convinced Moscow was behind the attack, including the type of poison used — a Soviet-developed nerve agent known as Novichok — and intelligence that Russia has produced it within the past decade.
Moscow insists it was not behind the attack and has accused Britain of fomenting anti-Russian hysteria.
Konstantin Kosachev, a leading Russian lawmaker, accused the EU nations of blaming Russia to distract attention from their own troubles, and said they were putting solidarity above “not only stability in Europe, but facts and common sense.”
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said Friday that Britain was trying to delude the public with anti-Russian “labels and cliches” to hide its lack of proof. Speaking to the Tass news agency, he dismissed Britain claims as “jabber.”
May said Britain had been sharing intelligence with its allies since the incident.
“What is crucial is that there was recognition around the table last night about the threat that Russia poses,” May said. “I think it is clear that Russia is challenging the values we share as Europeans, and it is right that we are standing together in defense of those values.”
Lorne Cook and Raf Casert in Brussels, Geir Moulson in Berlin and Nataliya Vasilyeva in Moscow contributed to this story.