BERLIN — Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives and the center-left Social Democrats pushed into the night Tuesday to try and finalize a deal on forming a new government and bringing an end to the country’s political limbo a major step closer.

The two sides had hoped to finish the job of hammering out a coalition deal Sunday, but budgeted for two extra days as a precaution when they started formal negotiations on Jan. 26.

“I have good reason to believe that we will finish today, I hope in a positive spirit and with a good result for our country,” Social Democrat leader Martin Schulz said.

If a deal emerges, it won’t immediately stop the clock on Germany’s longest postelection period without a new government taking shape.

Any agreement will have to be put to a ballot of the Social Democrats’ membership for approval, and many in the party are skeptical about extending a four-year partnership with the conservatives after the Social Democrats’ disastrous showing in the September election. On the conservative side, Merkel needs only the approval of a party congress.

“Every one of us will have to make painful compromises — I am ready to do that if we can ensure that the benefits ultimately outweigh the disadvantages,” Merkel told reporters as she arrived for the talks at the headquarters of her Christian Democratic Union.

“We must not lose sight of the main thing,” she added. “If we look at the turbulent developments of the last few hours on stock exchanges: we are living in turbulent times, and what is expected of us as major parties … is that we form a government for the good of the people, a government that offers reliability.”

Two points that are important to the Social Democrats remain to be worked out: their calls to curb the use of temporary work contracts and narrow differences between Germany’s public and private health insurance systems.

Failure to reach an agreement, or a deal’s rejection by Social Democrat members, would leave a minority government under Merkel or a new election as the only viable options.

Merkel’s attempt to put together a government with two smaller parties collapsed in November. Schulz, who had previously ruled out renewing the “grand coalition” of Germany’s biggest parties, then reversed course.

No other plausible combination of parties has a parliamentary majority.

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